Eating Healthy - The Basics: Overview

Eating Healthy - The Basics: Overview

Posted on May 06, 2022

Eating healthy means following a healthy eating pattern that includes a variety of nutritious foods and drinks. It also means getting the number of calories that’s right for you (not eating too much or too little).

Choose a mix of healthy foods.

There are lots of healthy choices in each food group! Choose a variety of foods you enjoy, including:

Whole fruits — like apples, berries, oranges, mango, and bananas

Veggies — like broccoli, sweet potatoes, beets, okra, spinach, peppers, and jicama

Whole grains — like brown rice, millet, oatmeal, bulgur, and whole-wheat bread

Proteins — like lean meats and chicken, eggs, seafood, beans and lentils, nuts and seeds, and tofu

Low-fat or fat-free dairy — like milk, yogurt, cheese, lactose-free dairy, and fortified soy beverages (soy milk) or soy yogurt

Oils — like vegetable oil, olive oil, and oils in foods like seafood, avocado, and nuts

Limit certain nutrients and ingredients.

Sodium (salt)

Sodium is found in table salt — but most of the sodium we eat comes from packaged food or food that's prepared in restaurants. Learn how to cut down on sodium [PDF - 881 KB].

Added sugars

Added sugars include syrups and sweeteners that manufacturers add to products like sodas, yogurt, and cereals — as well as things you add, like sugar in your coffee. Learn how to cut down on added sugars [PDF - 898 KB].

Saturated fat

Saturated fat comes from animal products like cheese, fatty meats and poultry, whole milk, butter, and many sweets and snack foods. Some plant products like palm and coconut oils also have saturated fat. Learn how to cut down on saturated fat [PDF - 1.1 MB].

Get a personalized MyPlate Plan to help you choose healthy foodsThis link is external to

What about alcohol?

Alcohol includes beer, wine, and liquor. If you choose to drink, drink in moderation — 1 drink or less in a day for women and 2 drinks or less in a day for men. And remember that drinking less is always better for your health than drinking more.

Original article:,Heart%20disease

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